expressionism in film

3 09 2013

EXPRESSIONISM comes from latin – EXPRESSIO, the ‘expression’. before WWI it was a development in style that was mainly aimed against naturalism and impressionism. expressionism became the ART of ENHANCED EXPRESSION.

1calig poster

the characteristics of expressionism in film were painted- instead of built-sets, as well as distorted perspectives and high contrast in lights and darks. inspired by paintings and some theatre experiments like MAX REINHARDT at the deutsches theater in berlin, a few directors tried to come up with similar solutions for film after WWI. grotesque phantastic worlds were shown as a mirror of psychic nightmares. budgets in german and austrian films were not comparable to hollywood, and alone for that reason, the producers tried to compensate the missing technology and expensive set-designs in different ways. the art in those days was willing to experiment everywhere, what was leading in film as well to radikal new solutions.

2Original sketch for a scene in The Cabinet of Dr Caligari from Lotte Eisner
6calig big 2
3.1921-Werner-Krauss-Conrad-Veidt-Cabinet-of-Dr-Caligari-bhs443a
4cabinett of caligari comp

famous examples are robert wiene’s DAS KABINETT DES DR.CALIGARI 1919, friedrich wilhelm murnau’s NOSFERATU 1921, paul wegener’s DER GOLEM 1920, karl grune’s DIE STRASSE 1923, fritz lang’s DR.MABUSE DER SPIELER 1922, and georg wilhelm pabst’s DIE FREUDLOSE GASSE 1925. the expressionist silent film featured very prominent actors, like GRETA GARBO, CONRADT VEIDT, POLA NEGRI, FRITZ KORTNER, ASTA NIELSEN and WERNER KRAUSS and became a major style influence in international film in its time.
later especially two film genres were influenced by german expressionistic film – HORROR FILM and FILM NOIR.

5calig big1
7calig.comp 2
8calig comp 3
9the others 1
10the others 2

About these ads

Actions

Information

3 responses

3 09 2013
kammi

very cool! We actually studied this in film school. I quite enjoyed our lesson on Surrealism, where we explored the work of Maya Deren and Luis Bunuel. I have a particular love of Deren’s work, both as a female figure in cinema (Riefenstahl is interesting too) and as a filmmaker/artist.

3 09 2013
Markus L

So great. These must be influence a lot for film making and storytelling.

9 09 2013
Charly

And for expressionism in comics I recomend you look out for Alberto Breccia in comics like Perramus, the Cthulu myths and Informe sobre ciegos(Report on blindness)

from hans -
thank you, brecchia is one of my favorites and I have nearly all of his work

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s




Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 604 other followers

%d bloggers like this: