robert cottingham

5 09 2013

ROBERT COTTINGHAM was born in 1935 in brooklyn. in the late sixties he was member of a group that became well known as the PHOTO-REALISTS, as a reaction against ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISM. cottingham documented urban signage, especially colorful advertising billboards, with his camera and transferred the images into meticulous paintings and prints. I am fascinated by his work – see yourself, some of his artwork below

1.004 1973 Hot lithograph 53.3 x 53 cm
039 1991 Don't Walk metal relief print 23.8 x 51.1 cm
2.001 1975 Tattoo lithograph 86.4 x 86.4 cm
4.07 2009 An American Alphabet G lithograph 78.1 x 52.7 cm
5.022 1979 The Spot oil on canvas 81.3 x 81.3 cm
6.023 1985 Star lithograph 54.9 x 53.9 cm
7.056 1988 Barber Shop oil on canvas 81.3 x 81.3 cm
2009.3.8 002
9.3.000_1968_Ralph_s_II_Robert_Cottingham
10.041 1985 Rialto hand-coloured lithograph 45.7 x 45.7 cm
11.24a 1973 Fox lithograph 53.1 x 53.3 cm
12.052 1988 Santa Fe woodcut on paper 77.2 x 77.8 cm
13.059 1989 Blues aquatint on paper 25.7 x 45.7 cm
14.061 1989 Frankfurters-Hamburgers, from the Cottingham Suite lithograph 26.7 x 26.7 cm
15.063 1991 Nite woodcut on paper 127 x 92.7 cm
gary 3.tif
17.118 2012 Empire IV oil on canvas 122 x 244 cm

© robert cottingham

I wanna thank BILL PECKMAN for introducing me to the artist and
POUL WEBB for his fantastic BLOG

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expressionism in film

3 09 2013

EXPRESSIONISM comes from latin – EXPRESSIO, the ‘expression’. before WWI it was a development in style that was mainly aimed against naturalism and impressionism. expressionism became the ART of ENHANCED EXPRESSION.

1calig poster

the characteristics of expressionism in film were painted- instead of built-sets, as well as distorted perspectives and high contrast in lights and darks. inspired by paintings and some theatre experiments like MAX REINHARDT at the deutsches theater in berlin, a few directors tried to come up with similar solutions for film after WWI. grotesque phantastic worlds were shown as a mirror of psychic nightmares. budgets in german and austrian films were not comparable to hollywood, and alone for that reason, the producers tried to compensate the missing technology and expensive set-designs in different ways. the art in those days was willing to experiment everywhere, what was leading in film as well to radikal new solutions.

2Original sketch for a scene in The Cabinet of Dr Caligari from Lotte Eisner
6calig big 2
3.1921-Werner-Krauss-Conrad-Veidt-Cabinet-of-Dr-Caligari-bhs443a
4cabinett of caligari comp

famous examples are robert wiene’s DAS KABINETT DES DR.CALIGARI 1919, friedrich wilhelm murnau’s NOSFERATU 1921, paul wegener’s DER GOLEM 1920, karl grune’s DIE STRASSE 1923, fritz lang’s DR.MABUSE DER SPIELER 1922, and georg wilhelm pabst’s DIE FREUDLOSE GASSE 1925. the expressionist silent film featured very prominent actors, like GRETA GARBO, CONRADT VEIDT, POLA NEGRI, FRITZ KORTNER, ASTA NIELSEN and WERNER KRAUSS and became a major style influence in international film in its time.
later especially two film genres were influenced by german expressionistic film – HORROR FILM and FILM NOIR.

5calig big1
7calig.comp 2
8calig comp 3
9the others 1
10the others 2





wilhelm m.busch 35

2 09 2013

WILHELM M.BUSCH was before WWII and after the war in the early fifties a PRESSE-ZEICHNER, a drawing artist hired by a newspaper to cover events with drawings where no photographs were available. today you still have one job like that left, the courtroom illustrator.
the first 2 illustrations are an example for that, the next is from his time as a soldier in 1944, a pen+ink drawing. the following 2 are from 1972 and 1979.
someone asked about his technique, well – he probably did some rough outline sketch in pencil or light ballpointpen and drew right on top of that in ink. his final illustration is so loose that I can’t imagine he traced a very elaborate sketch. in some cases you can still see the sketchy lines of his rough. the classroom drawing was just ‘written’ down like that without any sketch, I am sure. I have a lot more to come form work catalogues where the reproduction quality is much better.

busch4543
1busch4545
3busch4544
2busch4541

© wilhelm m.busch





beauty of art 5

1 09 2013

beauty of art 5